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|Title:||Effective utilization of a sponge iron industry by-product for phosphate removal from aqueous solution: A statistical and kinetic modelling approach|
|Abstract:||Dolochar, a solid waste generated from sponge iron industry during the process of direct reduction of iron by rotary kiln, is explored as an adsorbent for phosphate removal in this study. The depiction of the adsorption process was done by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transferred infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), and Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. The appearance of phosphorous peak in EDS spectra of spent dolochar confirmed phosphate adsorption. Application of response surface methodology (RSM) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) for modelling and optimization of phosphate removal in batch study and breakthrough time in column study, suggested quadratic models for both the responses. Experimental validation of the optimization process resulted in 98.13% phosphate removal and 24.67h breakthrough time. Pseudo second order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm illustrated best fit to the experimental data with R2=0.98 and R2=0.99, respectively. The values of separation factor (1>RL>0), Freundlich exponent (n>1) and thermodynamic parameters (?G�, -3442.6kJ/mol and ?H�, 6627kJ/mol) specified favourable spontaneous and endothermic adsorption process. The adsorbent displayed 80% of the original adsorption capacity in the 3rd cycle of reuse. The results of this study support the utility of dolochar as a low cost and highly efficient adsorbent for phosphate removal from aqueous solution. � 2014 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Publications|
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