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Title: A mechanistic approach to evaluate the effectiveness of red soil as a natural adsorbent for phosphate removal from wastewater
Authors: Rout P.R.
Bhunia P.
Dash R.R.
Keywords: Adsorption isotherm
Adsorption kinetics
Phosphate removal
Real domestic wastewater
Red soil
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: 16
Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of red soil (RS), as a natural adsorbent, for phosphate removal from wastewater. The chemical composition of the adsorbent was determined by proton-induced X-ray emission and proton-induced ?-ray emission methods. Apart from evaluating the influence of major experimental parameters, the equilibrium data were analyzed by different isotherm models and kinetic models. Experimentally obtained values, such as separation factor (RL), 0.0297, Freundlich exponent (n), 2.994, and Gibb�s free energy change (?G�), ?1.279 kJ mol?1, suggest that the phosphate adsorption by RS was a favorable and spontaneous process. The presence of coexisting anions showed no competing effects on phosphate removal efficiency. For synthetic initial phosphate concentration of 20 mg L?1 and contact time of 90 min, phosphate removal efficiency was 96.47% in batch mode and 19 h of breakthrough time in column mode. Whereas with real domestic wastewater having 5.62 mg L?1 of initial phosphate concentration, removal efficiency was as high as 99.8% in batch mode and 70 h breakthrough time in column mode. The results of this study suggested that RS can be used as a low-cost and highly efficient adsorbent for phosphate removal from wastewater. � 2014, � 2014 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Research Publications

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