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Title: Syntheses and structural investigation of some alkali metal ion-mediated LVVO2- (L2- = tridentate ONO ligands) species: DNA binding, photo-induced DNA cleavage and cytotoxic activities
Authors: Dash S.P.
Panda A.K.
Pasayat S.
Dinda R.
Biswas A.
Tiekink E.R.T.
Patil Y.P.
Nethaji M.
Kaminsky W.
Mukhopadhyay S.
Bhutia S.K.
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: 31
Abstract: Eight alkali metal ion-mediated dioxidovanadium(v), [{VVO 2L1-6}A(H2O)n]?, complexes for A = Li+, Na+, K+ and Cs +, containing tridentate aroylhydrazonate ligands coordinating via ONO donor atoms, are described. All the synthesised ligands and the metal complexes were successfully characterised by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis and NMR spectroscopy. X-ray crystallographic investigation of 3, 5-7 shows the presence of distorted NO4 coordination geometries for LVO 2- in each case, and varying ?-oxido and/or ?-aqua bridging with interesting variations correlated with the size of the alkali metal ions: with small Li+, no bridging-O is found but four ion aggregates are found with Na+, chains for K+ and finally, layers for Cs+. Two (5) or three-dimensional (3, 6 and 7) architectures are consolidated by hydrogen bonding. The dioxidovanadium(v) complexes were found to exhibit DNA binding activity due to their interaction with CT-DNA by the groove binding mode, with binding constants ranging from 103 to 104 M-1. Complexes 1-8 were also tested for DNA nuclease activity against pUC19 plasmid DNA which showed that 6 and 7 had the best DNA binding and photonuclease activity; these results support their good protein binding and cleavage activity with binding constants ranging from 104 to 105 M-1. Finally, the in vitro antiproliferative activity of all complexes was assayed against the HeLa cell line. Some of the complexes (2, 5, 6 and 7) show considerable activity compared to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs. The variation in cytotoxicity of the complexes is influenced by the various functional groups attached to the aroylhydrazone derivative. � 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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