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Title: An experimental and computational study of enhanced charge storage capacity of chemical vapor deposited Ni3S2-reduced graphene oxide hybrids
Authors: Rout C.S.
Mondal S.
Samal R.
Gangan A.S.
Nayak S.K.
Chakraborty B.
Keywords: Chemical vapor deposition
Density functional theory
High surface area
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: In the present approach, we have successfully synthesized wormlike Ni3S2 and Ni3S2-RGO hybrids on nickel (Ni) foam by a facile and highly reproducible one-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. We have demonstrated that Ni3S2 and Ni3S2-RGO hybrids can be grown directly on the current collector of energy storage devices without using any binder, which may lead to serve industry for large-scale production of the material. We have studied the pseudocapacitive energy storage performance of the CVD grown Ni3S2 and its hybrids with variable concentration of RGO. The Ni3S2-RGO hybrid with 0.5 mg GO showed a maximum areal specific capacitance of 1.4 F�cm?2 at a current density of 1 mA�cm?2 (approximately 1124 Fg?1 at a current density of 1 Ag?1). The enhanced supercapacitive performance of Ni3S2-RGO predominantly due to its high surface area and high conductivity as compared to bare Ni3S2. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analysis revealed Ni3S2-RGO possess enhanced charge-transfer characteristics as compared to bare Ni3S2. Furthermore, Density Functional Theory (DFT) simulations infer the strong hybridization between C p orbital and Ni d orbital lead to enhanced electrochemical property and Density of States (DOS) is crucially responsible for the improved charge storage performance of Ni3S2-RGO hybrids. � 2019 Elsevier B.V.
Appears in Collections:Research Publications

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