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Title: Role of evolving microstructure on the mechanical behaviour of P92 steel welded joint in as-welded and post weld heat treated state
Authors: Pandey C.
Mohan Mahapatra M.
Kumar P.
Thakre J.G.
Saini N.
Keywords: Chary toughness
Tensile properties
? ferrite
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: 18
Abstract: An autogenous gas tungsten arc welded P92 weld joint was subjected to two different post weld heat treatment (PWHT). One PWHT involved tempering of the as-welded sample at 760 �C for 2 h (referred to as PWDT) followed by natural air cooling. The other PWHT involved normalizing (re-austenitizing) the as-welded sample at 1040 �C for 40 min followed by PWDT (referred as PWNT). The cross-section of the as-welded sample exhibited a higher degree of microstructural heterogeneity. Both the PWDT and PWNT heat treatment procedures reduced the heterogeneity gradient along the weld cross section. The heat affected zone (HAZ) of the as-welded and PWDT samples showed Charpy toughness values of 3 � 4 J and 64 � 6 J, respectively, which were lower than that of the base metal (72 � 5 J). The PWNT treated sample exhibited a HAZ Charpy toughness value of 83 � 4 J which was higher than that of the base metal. The brittle mode of the fracture with river patterns was observed for the as-welded and PWDT treated sample while a ductile mode of fracture with fine and shallow dimples was observed for the PWNT condition. The PWNT treatment resulted in dissolution of the ferrite patches and formation of a uniform microstructure along the weld cross section. The PWNT treated samples exhibited the lowest yield strength to tensile strength ratio supporting the enhanced ductility as a result of this re-austenizing heat treatment. The as-welded and PWDT treated weld joints showed the presence of detrimental ? ferrite phase in the weld fusion zone and the coarse grained heat affected zone. The PWNT completely removed the ? ferrite patches from the microstructure whereas the PWDT treatment merely reduced the range of the hardness of the ? ferrite from 179 to 301 HV (as welded) to 204�228 HV. � 2018 Elsevier B.V.
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