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Title: Effect of post weld heat treatments on microstructure evolution and type IV cracking behavior of the P91 steel welds joint
Authors: Pandey C.
Mahapatra M.M.
Kumar P.
Kumar S.
Sirohi S.
Keywords: Creep
P91 steel
Type IV cracking
Weld joint
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: 8
Abstract: The creep tests were conducted on multi-pass shielded metal arc welded P91 steel weld joint at creep exposure temperature of 620 �C for an applied stress of 150 and 200 MPa in as-welded, and post weld heat treatments (PWHTs) state. The PWHTs involved the tempering at 760 �C/2 h/air cooling (referred as PWHT) and re-austenitizing at 1040 �C/60 min/air cooling + tempering at 760 �C/2 h/air cooling (refereed as PWNT). Results indicate a great influence of heat treatment conditions on the creep rupture life, fracture location and microstructure evolution of the P91 welded joint. As-welded and PWHT specimens showed the Type IV mode of failure and the fracture occurred in soft fine-grained heat affected zone/inter-critical heat affected zone (FGHAZ/IC-HAZ). In PWNT specimens, a shift in fracture location was observed from FGHAZ/ICHAZ to over tempered base zone. The degree of heterogeneity in terms of the microstructure and mechanical properties across the welded joints before the creep exposure have observed a great influence on the creep rupture life. As compared to other heat treated specimen, PWNT specimen exhibited higher creep rupture life at the lower applied stress of 150 MPa and creep exposure temperature of 620 �C due to lower degree of heterogeneity across the welded joints. However, Laves phase formation (Fe2W/Fe2Mo) was noticed in different zones (weld zone + heat affected zones) of the crept specimen for PWNT condition exposed at 620 �C for 150 MPa. � 2018 Elsevier B.V.
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