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|Title:||Depicting the DNA binding and photo-nuclease ability of anti-mycobacterial drug rifampicin: A biophysical and molecular docking perspective|
|Abstract:||Rifampicin, an important member of ansamycin family, exhibits various biological activities. It is frequently used for the treatment of tuberculosis and leprosy. Recently, its interaction with protein is evidenced. But, its interaction with DNA is still unknown. Whether, exhibition of anti-cancer activity of rifampicin is associated with DNA-cleavage activity is also unknown. In this study, an attempt has been taken to understand these two unknown aspects. Spectroscopic studies indicated that rifampicin binds to CT-DNA with a binding constant of ~5.22 � 10 5 M ?1 . Several independent experiments like CD analysis, competitive displacement experiments and viscosity measurements revealed that rifampicin intercalates into the CT-DNA. Molecular docking studies corroborate this fact and depicted that this drug binds to the GC-rich region of DNA through multiple hydrogen bonding having the relative binding energy of ?9.21 kcal mol ?1 . Besides, DNA binding ability, rifampicin causes the photo-cleavage of pUC19 DNA via singlet oxygen pathway. To the best of our knowledge, we report for the first time the DNA binding and DNA cleavage ability of rifampicin. This study provides a clue behind the execution of the anti-cancer activity of rifampicin. Overall, all these information can be used for further understanding the pharmacological effects of rifampicin. � 2019 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Publications|
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