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|Title:||Homogenization of P91 weldments using varying normalizing and tempering treatment|
|Abstract:||Creep strength enhanced ferritic/martensitic P91 steel is considered as a candidate material for the reactor pressure vessels and reactor internals of Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR). Heterogeneous microstructure formation across the P91 weldments lead to premature Type IV cracking and makes the weldability of P91 steel a serious issue. The present research work describes the effect of normalizing and tempering (N&T) treatment on microstructure evolution in various zones of gas tungsten arc welded (GTAW) P91 pipe weldments. For N&T treatment, P91 pipe weldments were subjected to various normalizing (950�1150 �C) and tempering (730�800 �C) temperature. The effect of varying heat treatment on tensile properties and hardness of P91 pipe weldments were studied for V-groove and narrow-groove weld designs. The effect of increase in normalizing temperature (fixed tempering temperature) resulted in increase in strength and hardness, while increase in tempering temperature (fixed normalizing temperature) resulted in the decrease in strength and hardness of P91 steel weldments. The better combination of strength, ductility and microstructure were obtained for the maximum normalizing temperature of 1050 �C and tempering temperature of 760 �C. � 2017 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Publications|
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