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|Title:||Interaction of ?-crystallin with some small molecules and its effect on its structure and function|
Chaperone function of alpha crystallin
Small molecule interaction
|Abstract:||Background ?-Crystallin acts like a molecular chaperone by interacting with its substrate proteins and thus prevents their aggregation. It also interacts with various kinds of small molecules that affect its structure and function. Scope of review In this article we will present a review of work done with respect to the interaction of ATP, peptide generated from lens crystallin and other proteins and some bivalent metal ions with ?-crystallin and discuss the role of these interactions on its structure and function and cataract formation. We will also discuss the interaction of some hydrophobic fluorescence probes and surface active agents with ?-crystallin. Major conclusions Small molecule interaction controls the structure and function of ?-crystallin. ATP and Zn+2 stabilize its structure and enhance chaperone function. Therefore the depletion of these small molecules can be detrimental to maintenance of lens transparency. However, the accumulation of small peptides due to protease activity in the lens can also be harmful as the interaction of these peptides with ?-crystallin and other crystallin proteins in the lens promotes aggregation and loss of lens transparency. The use of hydrophobic probe has led to a wealth of information regarding the location of substrate binding site and nature of chaperone-substrate interaction. Interaction of surface active agents with ?-crystallin has helped us to understand the structural stability and oligomeric dissociation in ?-crystallin. General significance These interactions are very helpful in understanding the mechanistic details of the structural changes and chaperone function of ?-crystallin. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Crystallin Biochemistry in Health and Disease. � 2015 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Publications|
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